Minimally invasive surgical techniques in periodontics

Introduction There have been a lot of changes in periodontal surgical techniques in the last few decades. One of the most important of these was the introduction of minimally invasive periodontal surgical techniques. Broadly, these techniques involve access and visualization of only those areas that require periodontal treatment using the smallest incision possible. The development…

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Periodontal maintenance (Supportive periodontal therapy)

Introduction to periodontal maintenance Periodontal diseases are multifactorial diseases where host-microbial interactions lead to the destruction of periodontal soft and hard tissues. Various forms of periodontitis can be efficiently treated with non-surgical and surgical therapy, but periodic periodontal maintenance is important for the maintenance of periodontal health after active periodontal treatment. Periodontal maintenance is defined…

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Orthodontic-periodontal interrelationship

Introduction to ortho-perio interrelationship Orthodontic treatment has become one of the most commonly carried out dental treatment in adolescents and young adults. The most commonly argued rationale for this treatment is that dental alignment obtained with orthodontic therapy facilitates plaque removal and reduces occlusal trauma. The bristles of the toothbrush fail to reach all tooth…

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Periodontic-endodontic interrelationship

Introduction to endo-perio lesions The term “endo-perio” lesion has been proposed to describe the destructive lesions resulting from inflammatory products found in varying degrees in both the periodontial and pulpal tissues. The periodontium and dental pulp are inter-linked from embryonic stage. The dental pulp originates from dental papilla and the periodontal ligament originates from dental…

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Application of platelet concentrates in periodontal regeneration

Introduction to platelet concentrates With our improved understanding regarding cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in periodontal wound healing, various regenerative techniques including, root surface biomodification, guided tissue regeneration, guided bone regeneration and application of growth factors and platelet concentrates have been introduced in periodontal regeneration. Application of platelet concentrates has been our focus of research…

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Bone morphogenetic proteins in periodontal regeneration

Introduction to Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs): Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are composed of 400-525 amino acids. These comprise one subset of the transforming growth factor-β superfamily. They play important roles in a multitude of processes during embryonic development and adult homeostasis by regulating cellular lineage commitment, morphogenesis, differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis of various types of…

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Application of growth factors in periodontal regeneration

Introduction to growth factors Growth factors are polypeptide molecules released by cells in the inflamed area that regulate events in wound healing. These are naturally occurring proteins that regulate various aspects of cell growth and development, acting locally or systemically. “Growth factor” is a general term to denote a class of polypeptide hormones that stimulate…

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