Host-microbial interactions in periodontal diseases

Introduction to the host-microbial interactions in periodontal diseases The microbial biofilm that forms around the teeth is the main cause of periodontal disease initiation and progression. This biofilm is a complex community of microorganisms which produces various virulence factors that initiate the inflammatory response. The enzymes released by bacteria in the biofilm include proteases that…

Read More

Dental calculus and its role in etiopathogenesis of periodontal diseases

Introduction to dental calculus Although, dental plaque is considered as the primary etiological factor in the development of periodontal diseases; the presence of dental calculus is also of great concern to the clinicians because it facilitates plaque formation by providing the surface for its formation and keeps it in close contact with the gingival tissue.…

Read More

Clinical features of normal gingiva

Introduction to clinical features of normal gingiva The knowledge regarding the normal features of the gingiva is essential to understand the pathological changes that occur in the periodontium in various periodontal diseases. Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease with microbial etiology being its primary etiology. There are various inflammatory changes that can be seen in periodontitis.…

Read More