Adverse effects of periodontitis on pregnancy outcomes

Introduction to adverse pregnancy outcomes In 1931 Galloway first suggested that maternal periodontal infection may play a role in complications of pregnancy, including ”miscarriage, pyelitis, mastitis, phlebitis, anemia and toxemias of pregnancy” 1. Since then, evidence has accumulated linking the maternal periodontal disease with adverse pregnancy outcomes. In the last decade, the adverse effects of…

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Stress as a risk factor for periodontal diseases

Introduction to stress The word ‘stress’ was first used in life science by Hans Selye in 1936. It is derived from the Latin word “stringere” which means “tight,” or “strained”. In the last few decades, research has demonstrated a correlation between stress and periodontal diseases. Our current knowledge of the etiopathogenesis of periodontal diseases indicates…

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Evidence-based Periodontology

Introduction to evidence-based practice Evidence-based practice is defined as the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients 1. Evidence-based practice involves integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research 2. Specifically speaking about Periodontology, every year, thousands of…

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Applications of probiotic therapy in periodontics

Introduction to probiotic therapy The oral cavity is a natural habitat for more than 700 bacterial species. Most of these bacterial species are commensals, that is, they are associated with health. Remaining bacterial species are pathogenic and are responsible for causing various oral health problems including periodontal diseases. These bacterial species are not randomly distributed…

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